Academic Calendar 2021-2022

Geography (GPHY)

GPHY 101  Human Geography  Units: 3.00  

The fundamentals of human geography including the meanings of place, the impacts of globalization, multiculturalism, population change and movement, environmental history and politics, cultural geography, issues of uneven resource distribution, the role of colonialism in the modern shape of the world, agricultural geography, and urban geography.
NOTE Field trip: estimated cost $30.
NOTE Also offered online. Consult Arts and Science Online. Learning Hours may vary.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (24L;18T;42O;36P).

Requirements: Prerequisite None. Exclusion BISC 100.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 102  Physical Geography and Natural Resources  Units: 3.00  

This course introduces the major concepts studied in physical geography and natural resources. The processes and interrelationships between the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and lithosphere, particularly at, or near the Earth's surface, are investigated to serve as a basis for understanding the nature and distribution of natural resources.
NOTE Field trip: estimated cost $30.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;12T;48P).

Requirements: Prerequisite None.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 105  The Digital Earth: Geospatial Data and Earth Observation  Units: 3.00  

A vast amount of geospatial data has now become publicly accessible through online tools and smartphones. This course provides a critical introduction to the sources of these geospatial data, and the techniques of their visualization and analysis. Students will, by the end of the course, be able to manipulate and analyze these data in GIS software.
NOTE GPHY 105/3.0 is an option course and will not be a prerequisite for entry into GPHY Plans as are GPHY 101/3.0 and GPHY 102/3.0.
LEARNING HOURS 114 (36L;78P)

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 203  Water Resources and Management  Units: 3.00  

Water resources are coming under increasing pressure due to rising levels of demand and pollution. This course examines dimensions of the world's need for this critical resource. Topics include water distribution and availability, water quality, different water uses and demands, water treatment, and approaches to water management and allocation.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;84P).

Requirements: Prerequisite Level 2 or above or permission of the Department. Equivalency GPHY 103.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 204  Forests as a Global Resource  Units: 3.00  

Forests are a critical global resource, containing significant biodiversity, regulating CO2 in the atmosphere, and providing cultural and economic benefits to society. Yet forests are threatened by over-harvesting, fire, development and environmental change. This course examines the ecology, distribution, and sustainability of the world's forests.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;30G;54P).

Requirements: Prerequisite Level 2 or above or permission of the Department. Equivalency GPHY 104.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 207  Principles Of Biogeography  Units: 3.00  

An examination of ecological and earth system processes that affect the dynamics of organisms, their spatial patterns and their variability in time.
LEARNING HOURS 114 (36L;18Pc;12I;48P).

Requirements: Prerequisite (GPHY 102 or [3.0 units from BIOL or GEOL]) or permission of the Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 208  Surface Processes, Landforms and Soils  Units: 3.00  

Explores the structure of, and physical processes responsible for the development of landforms and soils. Understanding these systems is directly relevant to environmental planning, hazard and risk assessment, geology, and surface processes on other planets. Topics include weathering, volcanic, tectonic, mass wasting, glacial, and fluvial processes.
NOTE Field trip: estimated cost $25.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;36Lb;48P).

Requirements: Prerequisite GPHY 102 or permission of the Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 209  Weather and Climate  Units: 3.00  

The weather and climate system will be investigated to provide a background to interpret weather conditions and to understand broader climate and climate change phenomena. Topics include: atmospheric properties, energy and moisture exchanges, weather system evolution, precipitation, climate classification, and forecasting.
LEARNING HOURS 114 (36L;18Pc;60P).

Requirements: Prerequisite GPHY 102 or permission of the Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 215  Field Studies in Physical Geography  Units: 3.00  

This course will introduce students to field methods and techniques used in wide variety of physical geography and related environmental fields. The emphasis will be on hands-on application of field sampling, measuring and mapping approaches. Taught as a field camp in prior to fall term, or after the exam period in April.
NOTE Field trips estimated cost $500. Students will be housed off-campus at QUBS and fees include transportation, housing and meals.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (8O;40Oc;72P).

Requirements: Prerequisite (GPHY 207 or GPHY 208 or GPHY 209) or permission of the Department. Equivalency GPHY 307.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 227  Cities: Geography, Planning and Urban Life  Units: 3.00  

The city from a geographical and planning perspective. Topics include origins of urbanism; mega; migrant, and global cities; urban competitiveness; land use planning and design; suburbanization and sprawl; new urban identities and culture; retailing transport; public space; private and temporary cities; urban poverty; politics and governance; sustainable urban futures.
NOTE Also offered online. Consult Arts and Science Online. Learning Hours may vary.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (18L;18T;24O;60P).

Requirements: Prerequisite Level 2 or above or permission of Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 228  Geographies of the Global Political Economy  Units: 3.00  

This course examines how geographers understand the global economic system. Topics include globalization, regional economic integration, transnational production and marketing strategies of firms, new patterns of consumption, the rise of the service economy, and work and employment in the new economy.
LEARNING HOURS 129 (36L;9G;24O;60P).

Requirements: Prerequisite Level 2 or above or permission of Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 229  Place, Space, Culture and Social Life  Units: 3.00  

The role of place and space in understanding how social identities (gender, sexuality, race, nationality, class) are constructed and contested. Topics include the spaces and meanings of the body, home, work, leisure and consumption, cultural landscapes, constructions of nature, globalization and issues of knowledge, power and imperialism.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;24O;60P).

Requirements: Prerequisite Level 2 or above or permission of Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 230  Introduction to Urban and Regional Planning  Units: 3.00  

Introduction to histories, concepts, principles and practices of urban and regional planning. Examines how diverse residents of communities are involved in plan preparation, technical analyses behind the plans, implementation tools and guiding infrastructure investment. Includes international precedents but focuses on Canadian community planning.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;84P).

Requirements: Prerequisite Level 2 or above or permission of the Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 240  Introduction to Qualitative Methods in Geography  Units: 3.00  

An introduction to basic issues in research with human participants, and the qualitative methods commonly employed in such research in geography. Where relevant, students may be introduced to computer software used in qualitative research.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;18Lb;66P).

Requirements: Prerequisite (GPHY 101 or GPHY 102 or BISC 100) or permission of the Department. Exclusion BMED 270; HSCI 270; SOCY 210.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 242  Remote Sensing I: Remote Sensing of the Environment  Units: 3.00  

The physical principles and practices of collecting, analyzing and interpreting various remote sensing data from the visible, infrared, and microwave regions of the electromagnetic spectrum are examined. In addition, the display, enhancement and interpretation of various digital remote sensing data, from airborne to satellite scales, is emphasized. Enrolment is limited.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;24Lb;60P).

Requirements: Prerequisite (GPHY 101 or GPHY 102 or GPHY 105 or BISC 100) or permission of the Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 243  Geographic Information Science  Units: 3.00  

An introduction to the basic principles, techniques and applications of Geographic Information Science. Students will learn concepts of Global Positioning Systems (GPS), georeferencing, vector and raster based models and the nature of geospatial data.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;24Pc;60P).

Requirements: Prerequisite ([GPHY 101 or BISC 100] and GPHY 102) or (BIOL 102 and BIOL 103) or (GEOL 104 and GEOL 107) or permission of the Department.  
Course Equivalencies: GISC201, GISC410, GPHY243  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 247  Introduction to Statistics  Units: 3.00  

An introduction to the analysis of data from real life situations. Covers study design, descriptive and inferential statistics. Topics include probability, t-tests, regression, Chi-square tests, analysis of variance. Emphasis is in the foundation of statistical inference and practical application of statistical methods using statistical software.
LEARNING HOURS 126 (12L;18Lb;48O;48P).

Requirements: Prerequisite (GPHY 101 or GPHY 102 or BISC 100) or permission of the Department. Exclusion BIOL 243; CHEE 209; COMM 162; ECON 250; KNPE 251; NURS 323; POLS 385; PSYC 202; SOCY 211; STAM 200; STAT 263; STAT 267; STAT 367.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 250  The Geography of Canada  Units: 3.00  

A regional examination of how economic, political, cultural, and environmental factors shape relationships between land and people in Canada. Emphasis on geographical patterns of development and on the analytical and historical roots of public policy.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;24O;60P).

Requirements: Prerequisite Level 2 or above or permission of Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 254  The Caribbean in Globalizing World  Units: 3.00  

The past, present and future role of the Caribbean in the world economy, with  an emphasis on the colonial legacy, debt and dependency, the effects of neoliberal reform and the changing geographies, and patterns of uneven development created by increasingly transnational flows of capital, people and culture.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;24O;60P).

Requirements: Prerequisite Level 2 or above or permission of Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 257  The Geography of Middle America  Units: 3.00  

The lands and peoples of Mexico, Central America, and the West Indies, emphasizing the historical factors that shape contemporary life in the region.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;24O;60P).

Requirements: Prerequisite Level 2 or above or permission of Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 258  The Geography of South America  Units: 3.00  

The lands and peoples of South America, emphasizing how the colonial experience continues to affect contemporary life in the region.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;24O;60P).

Requirements: Prerequisite Level 2 or above or permission of Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 304  Northern and Arctic Environments  Units: 3.00  

Advanced study of the physical geography of northern regions, emphasizing the Canadian Arctic.
LEARNING HOURS 126 (36L;6O;84P).

Requirements: Prerequisite (GPHY 102 or APSC 151) or permission of the Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 305  Applied Cold Regions Science  Units: 3.00  

Examining key aspects of cold regions science and processes using field and geospatial techniques applied to real-world case studies. Hands-on application of cold regions science methods will be used to explore major themes related to cold region climates, glaciology, hydrology, permafrost, snow science and resource development.
NOTE Field trips will occur in a given semester with an estimated cost of $75.
LEARNING HOURS 129 (36L;24Lb;9Oc;60P).

Requirements: Prerequisite (Level 3 or above and [GPHY 208 or GPHY 209]) or permission of the Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 306  Natural Environmental Change  Units: 3.00  

An overview of the causes and record of global and regional environmental change during the last 100,000 years. Topics include glaciation, ocean-atmosphere interactions, sea level change, climatic variability, vegetation dynamics and discerning between the impact of human activities and that of natural environmental forcing mechanisms.
LEARNING HOURS 126 (36L;6O;84P).

Requirements: Prerequisite (GPHY 207 or GPHY 208 or GPHY 209) or permission of the Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 309  Field School in Geography  Units: 3.00  

This Field School explores the socio-political, cultural, and biophysical dimensions of human environment interactions. It examines how communities perceive and interact with their environments and how they are, in turn, impacted by change. Students will do readings, seminars, assignments, and participate in a Field School for up to four weeks.
NOTE Field School cost is dependent on location and duration in the field, to a maximum of $3000. Please refer to the Department website for further information.
LEARNING HOURS Learning Hours may vary.

Requirements: Prerequisite (Level 3 or above and registration in a GPHY Plan) or permission of the Department. Note Visit the Department of Geography and Planning website for more information about this course.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 310  Landscape Ecology  Units: 3.00  

Study of the relationship between spatial pattern and ecological processes. Topics include spatial arrangement of ecosystems and its influence on the flow of energy, materials and biota; agents of pattern and change; methods and techniques for characterizing landscapes and detecting change; applications in resource conservation and management.
NOTE Field trips may apply in certain years; estimated cost $30.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (24L;24Lb;6O;66P).

Requirements: Prerequisite Level 3 or above and (GPHY 207 or [BIOL 201 and BIOL 202] or BIOL 200 or BIOL 111) or permission of the Department. Equivalency GPHY 418.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 312  Watershed Hydrology  Units: 3.00  

The course examines the processes that govern the flow and dissolved load in surface waters. Assignments focus on hydrological and hydrochemical data analysis and problem solving. Field projects emphasize hydrological monitoring techniques and methods used to collect and analyze the chemical composition of  water samples.
NOTE Field trips: estimated cost $50.
LEARNING HOURS 108 (36L;36Lb;36P).

Requirements: Prerequisite (GPHY 208 or GPHY 209) or permission of the Department.  
Course Equivalencies: GPHY308, GPHY312  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 313  Glacier Processes and Dynamics  Units: 3.00  

Examining key aspects of contemporary glacier systems including glacier-climate processes, the mechanics of ice flow, and glacier impacts on human activities. Student-led projects give insight into the variability of glacier response globally, while laboratory exercises focus on field-based and remote-sensing approaches to glacier monitoring.
NOTE Field trips may apply in certain years dependent on snow and ice conditions; maximum cost $75.
LEARNING HOURS 120(36L;36Lb;24O;24P).

Requirements: Prerequisite (Level 3 or above and [GPHY 208 or GPHY 209]) or permission of the Department.  
Course Equivalencies: GPHY313, GPHY413  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 314  Climate Change  Units: 3.00  

The study of historical and current climate change, projected future climates emphasizing the effects of global warming, impacts of climate change, and the role of humans as agents of climatic system change.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;12T;72P).

Requirements: Prerequisite Level 3 or above or permission of the Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 315  Advanced Field Measurements and their Analysis  Units: 3.00  

Introducing advanced techniques in environmental field measurements including the design and deployment of automatic weather stations and customized sensors, and geophysical techniques. Practical work involves the design and implementation of a field experiment, and an introduction to R programming as powerful tool for data analysis.
NOTE Field trips maximum cost $500. Students will be housed off-campus at QUBS and fees include transportation, housing and meals.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;24Lb;60P).

Requirements: Prerequisite Level 3 or above or permission of the Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 317  Soil, Environment and Society  Units: 3.00  

Soils are a critical resource required by societies. Using a strong methodological approach, this course will examine the important biological, chemical, and physical properties of soils. The course will also explore critical soil-related issues facing society, including salinization, degradation from agriculture, climate change, and erosion.
NOTE Field trips: estimated cost $30.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;36Lb;48P).

Requirements: Prerequisite (GPHY 208 or GPHY 209) or permission of the Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 318  Advanced Biogeography  Units: 3.00  

An examination of the distributions of plants and animals on global, regional and local scales, their causes and significance.
NOTE Field trip: estimated cost $25.
LEARNING HOURS 116 (36L;8Oc;72P).

Requirements: Prerequisite Level 3 or above and (GPHY 207 or [BIOL 201 and BIOL 202] or BIOL 200 or BIOL 111) or permission of the Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 319  Contemporary Energy Resources  Units: 3.00  

Fossil and renewable energy resources are reviewed through a geographic lens. Energy supply and demand are discussed in terms of the global energy sector. The environmental, economic, and social impacts of conventional and renewable energy options are considered, as are policies used to drive a transition in our energy mix.
LEARNING HOURS 126 (36L;18G;360;36P).

Requirements: Prerequisite (Level 3 or above and registration in a GPHY Plan) or permission of the Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 320  Energy and Society  Units: 3.00  

A broad overview of human history from the earliest hunter-gatherers through the Industrial Revolution as seen through the lens of energy. Considered will be methods of energy generation, and conversion, ranging from the human body to the internal combustion engine, and the interaction of these methods with other aspects of society and economy.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;84P).

Requirements: Prerequisite Level 3 or above or permission of the Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 325  Maps and Society  Units: 3.00  

A critical study of cartographic representation from the pre-modern era up to and including the political, social, military, and economics roles of maps and geospatial data in the contemporary world.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;84P).

Requirements: Prerequisite Level 3 or above or permission of the Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 327  The Geographical Imagination  Units: 3.00  

Critical approaches to the role of the geographic, cultural and historical imagination in shaping landscapes, environments and society.
LEARNING HOURS 127 (36L;4G;12O;3Oc;72P).

Requirements: Prerequisite (GPHY 229 or [3.0 units in DEVS at the 200-level or above]) or permission of the Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 330  Transportation Geography  Units: 3.00  

The course provides a systematic examination of urban transportation in the context of general economic, social and spatial trends. Particular focus is placed on the role of the built environment in explaining travel behaviour. The aim is to provide a fair understanding of transportation planning and policy issues and explore potential solutions.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;84P).

Requirements: Prerequisite Level 3 or above or permission of the Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 332  Cities and Planning for Sustainable Development  Units: 3.00  

Contemporary community planning and urban development from the perspectives of social sciences, planning and real estate development. Emphasis on understanding actors in the process and creating projects that are socially, environmentally and economically sustainable. Informed by international perspectives, but focused on Canadian cities.
NOTE Case Materials: Approximate $30.
NOTE Optional field trip may be undertaken in some years; approximate cost up to $300.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;84P).

Requirements: Prerequisite (GPHY 227 and (GPHY 228 or GPHY 229 or DEVS 230) or permission of the Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 333  Markets, Environments and Societies  Units: 3.00  

This course examines the spatial relations (politics, social relations, ecosystems) that shape market exchange and the functioning of economies. We will explore attempts to create markets out of social and environmental 'things' that resist commodification from carbon to care as well as the connections between markets and other aspects of life.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;84P).

Requirements: Prerequisite (Level 3 or above and [GPHY 227 or GPHY 228 or GPHY 229]) or permission of the Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 336  Geography, the Environment and Human Health  Units: 3.00  

Examines the relationship between human health and built, physical, and social environments. Focus is influence of local environmental conditions on population health outcomes within the North American urban context. Policy and programming options for improving local conditions are explored.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;24I;24O;36P)

Requirements: Prerequisite Level 3 and (3.0 units from BIOL 243; CHEE 209; COMM 162; ECON 250; GPHY 240; GPHY 247; KNPE 251; NURS 323; POLS 385; PSYC 202; SOCY 211; STAM 200; STAT 263; STAT 267; STAT 367) or permission of the Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 337  Regional Development and Planning  Units: 3.00  

Focus on regional planning and development processes, policies, and theories. Explore methods of regional analysis. Assessment of regional planning and development strategies and policy instruments used primarily in Canada with case examples from other international locations.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;84P).

Requirements: Prerequisite (Level 3 or above and [GPHY 228 or GPHY 227 or GPHY 247 or 3.0 units in DEVS at the 200-level or above]) or permission of the Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 338  Urban Political Geography  Units: 3.00  

The forces involved in shaping the political environment and spatial structure of urban areas. Emphasis on the significance of decisions concerning public goods in the distribution of income and equity within the city.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;84P).

Requirements: Prerequisite (6.0 units from GPHY 227; GPHY 228; GPHY 229) or permission of the Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 339  Medical Geography  Units: 3.00  

Current issues in disease ecology and health care delivery systems. Emphasis on patterns of incidence, cultural and environmental associations, spread and control of infectious diseases, comparisons of health care delivery systems, and accessibility to health services.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;24I;24O;36P)

Requirements: Prerequisite Level 3 and (3.0 units from BIOL 243; CHEE 209; COMM 162; ECON 250; GPHY 240; GPHY 247; KNPE 251; NURS 323; POLS 385; PSYC 202; SOCY 211; STAM 200; STAT 263; STAT 267; STAT 367) or permission of the Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 341  Photogrammetry  Units: 3.00  

An intensive introduction to the art and science of 3D measurement and mapping using photographs, with a particular focus on applications in GIS, Cartography, Cultural Heritage, Urban Planning, Geology and Engineering.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;36Lb;48P).

Requirements: Prerequisite Level 3 or above or permission of the Department. Equivalency CLST 351.  
Course Equivalencies: GPHY341; CLST351  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 342  Remote Sensing II: Digital Image Processing  Units: 3.00  

This course represents an extension of GPHY 242, with an in-depth examination of image processing techniques for information extraction. Topics include remote sensor technology, image enhancement, classification, change detection, radiometric and geometric correction and sources and applications of remote sensing data.
NOTE Enrollment limited to 40 students.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (24L;24Pc;72P).

Requirements: Prerequisite (GPHY 242 and GPHY 247) or permission of the Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 343  Applications for Geospatial Technology for Business  Units: 3.00  

This course introduces the practical use of GIS in business and strategic planning decisions. Students will learn how to collect, visualize, and analyze spatial data to address many business, socio-economic, and demographic challenges from a spatial context and present solutions on maps for a wide range of business applications.
LEARNING HOURS 126 (24L;24Lb;24O;54P).

Requirements: Prerequisite GPHY 243 or permission of the Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 344  Cartography and Computer Aided Design  Units: 3.00  

An introduction to the principles of Computer Aided Design (CAD) for the creation, manipulation, and editing of plans and maps. Topics will explore the fundamentals of good map design, best practices for visualizing geographic data, digitizing and georeferencing historic maps and air photos, and importing/exporting CAD drawings to/from GIS software.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (24L;24Pc;24G;24O;24P).

Requirements: Prerequisite Level 3 or above or permission of the Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 345  Spatial Analysis  Units: 3.00  

An in-depth exploration of the spatial analysis techniques used in vector GIS. The analysis of geographic primitives of points, lines, areas and surfaces in the context of applications drawn from geography, biology, planning and related disciplines. Emphasis is placed on the use of current GIS software in a hands-on environment.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (24L;24Pc;24G;24O;24P)

Requirements: pre GPHY243 and (stats)  
Course Equivalencies: GISC301, GPHY345  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 346  GIS and Modelling for Environmental Applications  Units: 3.00  

Study of the techniques of Geographic Information Systems and their applications in solving physical and environmental problems. Topics include data representation and models, spatial interpolation, raster-based analysis and modeling, surface models and terrain analysis, data visualization, temporal analysis, error and accuracy, and other algorithms and analytical procedures.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (24L;24Pc;24G;24O;24P).

Requirements: Prerequisite (GPHY 243 and [3.0 units from GPHY 247; ECON 250; KNPE 251; PHED 251; POLS 385; PSYC 202; SOCY 211; STAT 263; STAT 267; STAT 367]) or permission of the Department.  
Course Equivalencies: GISC302, GPHY346  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 347  Multivariate and Spatial Statistics  Units: 3.00  

This course offers an introduction to the theory and application of multivariate statistics to geographical data. Topics include regression and correlation analysis, ANOVA, spatial autocorrelation and other spatial statistics as well as geostatistical operations in GIS software.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (24L;24Pc;24O;24P).

Requirements: Prerequisite 3.0 units from GPHY 247; ECON 250; KNPE 251; PHED 251; POLS 385; PSYC 202; SOCY 211; STAT 263; STAT 267; STAT 367.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 348  Application Design and Customization in GIS  Units: 3.00  

An introduction to customization of GIS and database software with an emphasis on spatial analysis tool development for desktop and Web-based GIS. Students will learn concepts of user requirements analysis, software requirements preparation, interface and software design, and computer programming while they develop customized GIS applications.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (24L;24Pc;24G;24O;24P).

Requirements: Prerequisite GPHY 243 or (3.0 units from GPHY 247; ECON 250; KNPE 251; PHED 251; POLS 385; PSYC 202; SOCY 211; STAT 263; STAT 267; STAT 367) or permission of the Department.  
Course Equivalencies: GISC303, GPHY348  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 349  GIScience and Public Health  Units: 3.00  

This course examines contemporary applications of geographic information science (GIScience) and geographic information system (GIS) in public health, including disease mapping, environmental hazards, spatial epidemiology, and problems of accessibility to and siting of health services.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (24L;24Pc; 72P).

Requirements: Prerequisite (GPHY 243 and GPHY 247) or permission of the Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 351  Geographies of Indigenous and Settler Relations  Units: 3.00  

An overview of selected elements of the geographies of Aboriginal peoples in Canada with a focus on the relationship between Aboriginal peoples and their environments, urbanization and culture change, and colonialism.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;84P).

Requirements: Prerequisite (Level 3 or above and [6.0 units from GPHY 227; GPHY 228; GPHY 229] or [3.0 units at the 200-level or above in DEVS or GNDS]) or permission of the Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 352  Gender and the City  Units: 3.00  

Gender in relationship to the spatial organization of contemporary cities. Emphasis on the diversity of gendered experiences as they relate to the urban: housing, violence, social movements, work, and gender symbols
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;84P).

Requirements: Prerequisite (6.0 units from GPHY 227; GPHY 228; GPHY 229) or (3.0 units at the 200-level or above in GNDS) or permission of the Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 362  Human Migration  Units: 3.00  

The movement of people across the surface of the earth from early times to the present, focusing on contemporary issues of immigration, refugees, human rights, social integration and barriers to integration including discussions of racism, citizenship, multiculturalism, and community infrastructure.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;84P).

Requirements: Prerequisite (GPHY 227 or GPHY 228 or GPHY 229) or permission of the Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 365  Geography, Development, and Environment in the 'Third World'  Units: 3.00  

The geographical implications of the incorporation of the Third World into the global economy. Emphasis will be upon issues relating to both the physical and human environments in reference to development, ecological alteration, cultural change, and spatial readjustment.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;12O;72P).

Requirements: Prerequisite (Level 3 or above and [6.0 units from GPHY 227; GPHY 228; GPHY 229] or [3.0 units at the 200-level or above in DEVS or GNDS] or [ENSC 103 or ENSC 203]) or permission of the Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 368  Environments and Society  Units: 3.00  

A critical evaluation of the changing relationships between nature and society.
LEARNING HOURS 127 (36L;4G;12O;3Oc;72P).

Requirements: Prerequisite (6.0 units from GPHY 227; GPHY 228; GPHY 229) or (3.0 units at the 200-level or above in DEVS).  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 369  Urban Natures  Units: 3.00  

This course examines how interlocking systems of power produce urban environmental issues such as water access, climate disaster, infectious disease, sanitation systems, and foodscapes. It draws on feminist, political economic, Indigenous, and decolonial systems of thought to consider urban environments across the Global North and South.
NOTE Field trip fees may apply in certain years. See departmental webpage for info. Cost will vary depending on location, but not exceed $150 per year.
LEARNING HOURS 123 (36L;3Oc;84P).

Requirements: Prerequisite (6.0 units from GPHY 227; GPHY 228; GPHY 229) or permission of the Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 370  Special Topics in Human Geography  Units: 3.00  

Course offered by visiting faculty on Geography topics related to their research interests. Consult the departmental homepage for further details of specific course offerings each academic year.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;84P).

Requirements: Prerequisite (Level 3 or above and registration in a GPHY Plan) or permission of the Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 371  Special Topics in Earth System Science  Units: 3.00  

Course offered by visiting faculty on Geography topics related to their research interests. Consult the departmental homepage for further details of specific course offerings each academic year.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;84P).

Requirements: Prerequisite (Level 3 or above and registration in a GPHY Plan) or permission of the Department.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 372  Special Topics Geographic Information Science  Units: 3.00  

This course provides intensive coverage of a topic in Geographic Information Science and will be offered periodically by visiting professors. Consult the Departmental homepage for details on specific course offerings each year.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;84P).

Requirements: Prerequisite (Level 3 or above and registration in a GPHY Plan) or permission of the Department.  
Course Equivalencies: GISC390, GPHY372  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 401  Honours Seminar in Human Geography I  Units: 3.00  

Seminars offered by regular and visiting faculty on Geography topics related to their research interests. Consult the departmental homepage for further details of specific course offerings each academic year.
NOTE Field trip fees may apply in certain years. See departmental webpage for more information. Cost will vary depending on location, but not likely to exceed $300 per year.
LEARNING HOURS 132 (36S;24Oc;72P).

Requirements: Prerequisite Level 4 or above and registration in a (GPHY Major [Arts] or Medial Plan) and (a minimum GPA of 2.60 in 24.0 units in GPHY). Exclusion GPHY 402; GPHY 403.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 402  Honours Seminar in Human Geography II  Units: 3.00  

Seminars offered by regular and visiting faculty on Geography topics related to their research interests. Consult the departmental homepage for further details of specific course offerings each academic year.
NOTE Field trip fees may apply in certain years. See departmental webpage for more information. Cost will vary depending on location, but not likely to exceed $300 per year.
LEARNING HOURS 132 (36S;24Oc;72P).

Requirements: Prerequisite Level 4 or above and registration in a (GPHY Major [Arts] or Medial Plan) and (a minimum GPA of 2.60 in 24.0 units in GPHY). Exclusion GPHY 401; GPHY 403.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 403  Honours Seminar in Human Geography III  Units: 3.00  

Seminars offered by regular and visiting faculty on Geography topics related to their research interests. Consult the departmental homepage for further details of specific course offerings each academic year.
NOTE Field trip fees may apply in certain years. See departmental webpage for more information. Cost will vary depending on location, but not likely to exceed $300 per year.
LEARNING HOURS 132 (36S;24Oc;72P).

Requirements: Prerequisite Level 4 or above and registration in a (GPHY Major [Arts] or Medial Plan) and (a minimum GPA of 2.60 in 24.0 units in GPHY). Exclusion GPHY 401; GPHY 402.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 413  Water, Energy and Carbon Cycling in the Biosphere  Units: 3.00  

The study of the interaction of the atmosphere with the surface in terms of radiative, heat, water, and trace gas fluxes.
NOTE Field trip fees may apply in certain years. See departmental webpage for more information. Cost will vary depending on location, but not likely to exceed $175 per year.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;12Lb;72P).

Requirements: Prerequisite Level 4 or above and registration in a (GPHY Major [Science] or EGPY Specialization Plan) and (6.0 units from MATH at the 100-level or above) and (6.0 units from BIOL or CHEM or PHYS at the 100-level or above) and a (minimum GPA of 1.90 in 30.0 units from GPHY).  
Course Equivalencies: GPHY313, GPHY413  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 415  Advanced Analysis of Earth Surface Processes  Units: 6.00  

A fourth year Honours capstone project course exploring a contemporary geographic issue by integrating advanced knowledge and skills in physical geography and geographic information science. Focus will be on integration of field and laboratory methods, and how they are used to explore contemporary geographic or environmental issues.
NOTE Field trips within the Province of Ontario during the year. Costs will vary depending on location, but not likely to exceed $175 per year.
LEARNING HOURS 240 (12L;12S;36Lb;12G;24Oc;144P).

Requirements: Prerequisite Level 4 or above and registration in a (GPHY Major [Science] or EGPY Specialization Plan) and (6.0 units from MATH or STAT at the 100-level or above) and (6.0 units from CHEM or PHYS at the 100-level or above) and a (minimum GPA of 1.90 in 30.0 units from GPHY).  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 417  Land-Use Change in the Earth System  Units: 3.00  

Changes in land use and land cover represent significant changes to the dynamics of the earth system. This course will explore the methods used to quantify rates of land-use and land-cover change, and also the biophysical consequences of these changes. The goal of the course is to develop a framework for evaluating the biophysical and societal trade-offs associated with land-use decisions.
NOTE Field trip fees may apply in certain years. See departmental webpage for more information. Cost will vary depending on location, but not likely to exceed $175 per year.
LEARNING HOURS 131 (30L;41Oc;60P).

Requirements: Prerequisite Level 4 or above and registration in a (GPHY Major [Science] or EGPY Specialization Plan) and (6.0 units from MATH at the 100-level or above) and (6.0 units from BIOL or CHEM or PHYS at the 100-level or above) and a (minimum GPA of 1.90 in 30.0 units from GPHY).  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 501  Special Studies in Geography  Units: 3.00  

Open to fourth-year students who have an average of A- or greater in those courses which form their concentration for admission to Honours in Geography. Special consideration will be given to requests from students with an average of B or more in those courses which form their concentration for admission to Honours. The student will arrange a program of study with a specific member of the Department.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (24I;96P).

Requirements: Prerequisite (Level 4 or above and registration in a [GPHY Major or Medial Plan or EGPY Specialization Plan] and a [minimum GPA of 3.50 in 24.0 units in GPHY] and [consent of a supervising member of the Department]) or by permission of the Departmental Undergraduate Committee. Exclusion GPHY 502; GPHY 503.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 502  Research and Thesis in Geography I  Units: 3.00  

Research project in Geography supervised by a member of the faculty. Research involving the amount of work associated with other senior 3.0 unit courses will be done as GPHY 502.
NOTE Admission is subject to the availability of supervisors.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (24I;96P).

Requirements: Prerequisite (Level 4 or above and registration in a [GPHY Major or Medial Plan or EGPY Specialization Plan] and a [minimum GPA of 3.50 in 24.0 units in GPHY] and [consent of a supervising member of the Department]) or by permission of the Departmental Undergraduate Committee. Exclusion GPHY 501; GPHY 502.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 503  Research and Thesis Geography II  Units: 6.00  

Research project in Geography supervised by a member of the faculty. Research involving the amount of work associated with larger research projects with work comparable to a 6.0 unit course (including work completed during summer) may be done as GPHY 503.
NOTE Admission is subject to the availability of supervisors.
LEARNING HOURS 240 (48I;192P).

Requirements: Prerequisite (Level 4 or above and registration in a [GPHY Major or Medial Plan or EGPY Specialization Plan] and a [minimum GPA of 3.50 in 24.0 units in GPHY] and [consent of a supervising member of the Department]) or by permission of the Departmental Undergraduate Committee. Exclusion GPHY 501; GPHY 502.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 800  Bibliographie  Units: 3.00  

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 801  Concept. & Method. Basis Of Ge  Units: 3.00  

A discussion of the major concepts, methodology, and research traditions of geography and the relationship of the discipline to the theory and methods of the natural sciences and of the social sciences. Three term-hours.

Requirements: GPHY PHD students  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 811  Slope Studies  Units: 3.00  

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 818  Seminar In Landscape Ecology  Units: 3.00  

Landscape ecology emphasizes the interaction between spatial pattern and ecological processes. This seminar course will examine the theory and practice of landscape ecology, and explore how composition and spatial patterning of landscapes affects ecological processes. Topics include: theoretical aspects of scaling, methods of quantifying landscape structure, and the effects of landscape structure and temporal dynamics on ecosystem functions such as succession, movement of biota, and fluxes of nutrients, energy, and trace gases all in the context of Earth System Science.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 819  Systems Modelling  Units: 3.00  

Research in Geography and Planning, and many other disciplines, often involves measuring and understanding the complex interaction of a variety of processes in both natural (e.g. a forest) and human-dominated (e.g. a city) systems. This course provides students with the skills and tools necessary to develop, analyze, and test simulation models of complex systems containing multiple interacting processes. These models are useful for synthesizing information, testing hypotheses, and guiding the development of research questions and policy. Three term-hours. PREREQUISITES: None EXCLUSIONS: None

Requirements: Gphy Surp students  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 823  Environmental Biogeochemistry  Units: 3.00  

This course explores the impact of climatic change and anthropogenic activities on biogeochemical processes. Emphasis is placed on understanding how the resulting changes in atmospheric chemistry, the cryosphere, landuse, geomorphology, and hydrological processes alter the biogeochemical cycling of Carbon, Nitrogen, and Sulphur, and selected contaminants in terrestrial and aquatic systems. Three term-hours.

Requirements: Gphy Surp students  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 824  Processes in Northern Regions  Units: 3.00  

An advanced investigation of the current state of knowledge of processes related to the physical environment in northern settings, with the emphasis on permafrost, water and landscape interactions. Themes will include: climate and permafrost dynamics, periglacial geomorphology, hydrology, limnology.

Requirements: Gphy Surp students  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 836  Critical Methods of Inquiry  Units: 3.00  

Through readings, dialogue, and practice, this course ponders how qualitative, participatory, and Indigenous modes of inquiry open up possibilities for research by confronting the socio­politico-historical power relations of knowledge production, studying the how and why of every-day lived experiences and the structures that shape/are shaped by them. Offered jointly with EPID-836*.
EXCLUSION: EPID-836*

Requirements: GPHY Master's students, Exclusion EPID 836  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 841  Measurement In Climatology  Units: 3.00  

The measurement of Essential Climate Variables is examined within the context of the global climate system. Students gain hands-on experience with automatic weather stations, and are responsible for the design, programming, and deployment of a station near Kingston. Students will be introduced to 'R', an open-source language, to support the statistical analysis, modelling, and visualization of data.
Field Trip Fee: $75-$100.

Requirements: Gphy Surp students  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 842  Remote Sensing of Environment  Units: 3.00  

This course examines methods and techniques for collecting, processing and analysing remote sensing data. An emphasis will be placed on how these methods are applied to address earth and environmental issues across a range of spatial scales. Special emphasis will be placed on airborne (including UAVs) and satellite sensors operating in the visible, infrared and microwave regions of the spectrum.

Requirements: Gphy Surp students  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 845  Spatial Data Measurement and Collection  Units: 3.00  

This course examines the application of one or more geomatics techniques to problems in earth measurement. Topics may include Total Station Surveying, Satellite Positioning, Aerial Photography, Photogrammetry, LiDAR, methods of field data collection, and deformation monitoring. Specific applications may be drawn from fields such as archaeology, architecture, geomorphology, and regional mapping.

Requirements: Gphy Surp students  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 849  Seminar In Gphy. Info Science  Units: 3.00  

The goal of this course is to provide an in-depth discussion on topics related to geographic information science and explore innovative GIS applications. Topics may include some, or all of the following: (i) GIS database models and structures, design, and implementation, (ii) data visualization, generalization, and representation, (iii) data mining, (iv) cognition, (v) spatial analysis, (vi) internet mapping, (vii) uncertainty and error analysis, and (viii) societal issues. Three term hours.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 850  Seminar In Map Design  Units: 3.00  

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 851  Grad Seminar-Map Communication  Units: 3.00  

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 854  Approaches To Data Gphy Enquir  Units: 3.00  

A survey and assessment of the methods of acquisition, editing, management, organization, retrieval and display of different types of data used in research in geography. Emphasis on data organization and management in both mainframe and microcomputing environments. Three term-hours.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 855  Spatial Analysis  Units: 3.00  

A review of descriptive and inferential statistics and quantitative methods appropriate for the description and analysis of spatial distribution and processes. Topics include point pattern analysis, measures of spatial association, classification, analysis of spatial and temporal data series and simulation methods in spatial analysis. Applications will focus on population and diffusion processes. Three term-hours.

Requirements: Gphy Surp students  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 857  Geography Research Seminar  Units: 3.00  

This is a seminar course required of all graduate students in the M.A. and M.Sc. programs in geography, in addition to their standard course load. The objective of this course is to introduce Master's students to a range of research approaches in the discipline of geography. The course also provides an opportunity for professional development and for the development of a Master's thesis proposal. Full year, 3.0 credit units.

Requirements: GPHY Master's students  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 860  Anti-Colonial Urbanism  Units: 3.00  

This course examines the colonial and anti-colonial processes that shape urbanization and city life. It analyzes systems of racialization, capitalism, heteronormativity, and colonialism, and focuses on practices of resistance. The course considers cities in both the North and South and centres the work of racialized and Indigenous scholars.
PREREQUISITE: enrollment in a GPPL graduate program or permission of the instructor.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 865  Transport Networks  Units: 3.00  

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 866  Gender & Globalization  Units: 3.00  

Examination of the ways that political, economic, cultural globalizing processes disrupt and transform existing social constructions of gender difference and patterns of gender inequality.Fall term.Dr. B. Mullings

Requirements: Gphy Surp students  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 868  Philosophies Of Place & Space  Units: 3.00  

This course explores the meaning of two of Geography¿s most fundamental concepts: place and space. Recent scholarship in both philosophy (Jeff Malpas) and the history of science (Edward Casey) has explored the meaning of both place and space. But there is an older literature in Geography around these questions (Tuan, Relph, Entrikin, Sack, Massey, Porteous and Smith, etc.), in addition to a significant literature outside Geography (Eliade, Lefebvre, de Certeau, Foucault, Heidegger, and Bachelard). This course will look at these theoretical approaches to place and space, consider their implications for research, and will also trace how geographers and other social scientists and artists have incorporated a critical approach to place and space into their work.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 869  Space Embodiment & Emotion  Units: 3.00  

This course critically examines constructions of health, gender, embodiment and emotion.  Students will investigate the impact of, and intersections between these key concepts at various geographical and experiential scales (e.g. individual/family/community/society).

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 870  Historical and Cultural Issues in Fieldwork  Units: 3.00  

This course explores the histories and cultural meanings of fieldwork. Geographical fieldwork is considered historically along with conceptions of the "field" in allied disciplines such as ecology and anthropology. Constructions of the "field" are addressed in terms of empire, nationalism, pedagogy, the lab-field border, and in relations to its role as a gendered and affective space of knowledge and activity.

Requirements: Gphy Surp students  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 874  Seminar In Cultural Geography  Units: 3.00  

A lecture and seminar course in which developments in the field of cultural geography are examined, assessed and placed in a disciplinary and interdisciplinary context. Three term-hours.

Requirements: Gphy Surp students  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 875  Seminar In Historical Geog.  Units: 3.00  

A lecture and seminar course in which developments in the field of historical geography are examined, assessed and placed in a disciplinary and interdisciplinary context.   Three term-hours.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 880  The Geography Of Energy  Units: 3.00  

Historical, current and projected distribution of energy production and use in Canada.Topics include the development of our total primary energy supply, the rise of renewable energy sources, and future options for the development of Canada¿s energy resources, as linked to our societal needs.

Requirements: Gphy Surp students  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 882  The Political Geography Of City Regions  Units: 3.00  

An examination of the importance of city regions as fundamental spatial units in the global economy and as important political actors. The processes of worldwide economic integration and accelerated urban growth have led to new urban challenges and new ways of thinking about city-region governance. Key concepts include: the re-scaling of political economy, the role of the state, economic competitiveness, innovation and governance reforms, intercity networks, global cities, new regional policies and politics, rising inequality, social diversity, power, local democracy and citizenship. While international in scope, the primary focus will be on city-regions in North America. Three term-hours.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 884  Economics, Politics and Space  Units: 3.00  

This seminar examines economic spaces as not only sites of production, exchange, and circulation but also as shaped by sociopolitical struggles over economic futures, the politics of place, and daily life. This will be accomplished through the discussion of key political economic texts and of current debates in the field of economic geography.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 886  Pol. Economy Of Urbanization  Units: 3.00  

This seminar introduces political economic methods of understanding processes of urbanization as well as current debates within the fields of urban geography and urban planning. Contemporary trends in urban development are analyzed using different critical theoretical toolkits such as Marxism, racial capitalism, and feminist geography.

Requirements: Gphy Surp students  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 887  Gphy. Of Health & Health Care  Units: 3.00  

In a seminar format, selected themes in the geography of health and health care are examined. Epidemiological and social theories, analytic methods, and planning and policy implications of health and health care are emphasized. Three term-hours.

Requirements: Gphy Surp students  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 889  The Geography Of Citizenship  Units: 3.00  

An examination of recent changes in the Canadian population and the social/spatial negotiation of citizenship. As Canadian society becomes more diverse, new concepts of citizenship and new developments in human rights provision counter historic forms of oppression ('race', class, gender), to result in changes that are mediated by public policy initiatives, citizenship movements, and the reorganization of capital. Key concepts: citizenship, multiculturalism, migration, racialization, gender, transnationalism, globalization, democracy. Three term-hours.

Requirements: Gphy Surp students  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 890  Earth Systems Science I  Units: 3.00  

Selected specialized topics in earth system science. Normally, this course will take the form of a reading course in the area of the instructor's expertise. Three term-hours.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 891  Earth Systems Science II  Units: 3.00  

Selected specialized topics in earth system science. Normally, this course will take the form of a reading course in the area of the instructor's expertise. Three term-hours.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 893  Studies In Human Geography I  Units: 3.00  

Selected topics in various fields of human geography. This may be held as a seminar or a reading course in the area of the instructor's expertise. Three term-hours.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 894  Studies In Human Geography II  Units: 3.00  

Selected topics in various fields of human geography. This may be held as a seminar or a reading course in the area of the instructor's expertise. Three term-hours.

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 899  Master's Thesis Research  Units: 6.00  

Requirements: GPHY Master's students  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
GPHY 999  Ph.D. Thesis Research  Units: 6.00  

Requirements: GPHY PHD students  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science