Academic Calendar 2022-2023

Chemistry (CHEM)

CHEM 112  General Chemistry  Units: 6.00  

A survey of modern chemistry: structure and bonding, phases of matter, thermodynamics, acids, bases, electrochemistry, equilibria, kinetics and organic chemistry. Using information technology, labs, and problem-solving strategies, students will develop an appreciation for the relevance of chemistry to the solution of modern-day societal challenges.
NOTE Also offered at the Bader International Study Centre, Herstmonceux. Learning Hours may vary.
NOTE Lab Coat: estimated cost $27, Goggles: estimated cost $17, Blue Lab Book: estimated cost $9, Disposable Face Shield (may require more than one): estimated cost $7.50, Disposable Face Mask (may require more than one): estimated cost $1.
LEARNING HOURS 288 (72L;36Lb;36G;48O;96P).

Requirements: Prerequisite None. Exclusion CHEM 113; CHEM 114. Recommended 4U Chemistry or equivalent.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 113  General Chemistry I (with Virtual Laboratory): From Atoms to Matter  Units: 3.00  

A quantitative treatment of chemical phenomena and materials. Critical thinking and problem solving are emphasized. Topics include atomic structure and molecular bonding, nomenclature, thermodynamics, phase-transitions and condensed phases. The virtual laboratory provides basic practice in different types of chemistry.
NOTE Only offered online. Consult Arts and Science Online.
LEARNING HOURS 126 (72O;54P).

Requirements: Prerequisite None. Exclusion CHEM 112. Recommended 4U Chemistry. Note Not normally intended for on-campus degree plans and certificates. Not appropriate for pre and upper level courses that have a laboratory component.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 114  General Chemistry II (with Virtual Laboratory): Thermodynamics and Kinetics  Units: 3.00  

A quantitative treatment of chemical phenomena and materials. Critical thinking and problem solving are emphasized. Topics include thermodynamics, chemical equilibria, acids and bases, kinetics, electrochemistry and organic reactions. The virtual laboratory provides basic practice in different types of chemistry.
NOTE Only offered online. Consult Arts and Science Online.
LEARNING HOURS 126 (72O;54P).

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 113. Exclusion CHEM 112. Note Not normally intended for on-campus degree plans and certificates. Not appropriate for pre and upper level courses that have a laboratory component.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 211  Main Group Chemistry  Units: 3.00  

An introduction to chemistry of main group inorganic and organic compounds with the use of fundamental quantum mechanics, molecular orbital diagrams and Lewis structures to describe the structure and bonding. The stereochemistry and chirality of organic compounds, solid state inorganic chemistry, and descriptive chemistry of compounds of the main group elements will be covered. The laboratory will introduce skills in inorganic and organic synthesis.
NOTE Lab Coat: estimated cost $27, Goggles: estimated cost $17, Carbon Lab Book: estimated cost $16, Disposable Face Shield (may require more than one): estimated cost $7.50, Disposable Face Mask (may require more than one): estimated cost $1.
LEARNING HOURS 144 (36L;36Lb;9T;63P).

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 112.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 212  Principles of Chemical Reactivity  Units: 3.00  

An introduction to the kinetics and mechanisms of reactions in gaseous and condensed phases, including acid-base and nucleophilic substitution reactions at carbon and other main group centers. Other topics will include molecular dynamics and reactions in solution. The laboratory illustrates measurement techniques and develops laboratory skills.
NOTE Lab Coat: estimated cost $27, Goggles: estimated cost $17, Blue Lab Book: estimated cost $9, Disposable Face Shield (may require more than one): estimated cost $7.50, Disposable Face Mask (may require more than one): estimated cost $1.
LEARNING HOURS 126 (36L;18Lb;9T;63P).

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 112 and (MATH 120 or MATH 121 or [MATH 123 and MATH 124]). Exclusion CHEM 281.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 213  Introduction to Chemical Analysis  Units: 3.00  

Introduction to analytical chemical methods and science. Topics include statistical analysis of data, titrations and equilibrium theory, spectrophotometry and instrumental elemental analysis.
NOTE Lab Coat: estimated cost $27, Goggles: estimated cost $17, Blue Lab Book: estimated cost $9, Disposable Face Shield (may require more than one): estimated cost $7.50, Disposable Face Mask (may require more than one): estimated cost $1.
LEARNING HOURS 144 (36L;36Lb;9T;63P).

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 112.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 221  Material, Solutions, Interfaces  Units: 3.00  

A survey of the thermodynamic properties of gases and liquids, including phase and chemical equilibria and electrochemistry. An introduction to the properties of materials, interfaces, surfaces and aqueous solutions. The laboratory uses modern software to facilitate equilibrium calculations, illustrates measurement techniques and develops laboratory skills. Winter Term.
NOTE Lab Coat: estimated cost $27, Goggles: estimated cost $17, Blue Lab Book: estimated cost $9, Disposable Face Shield (may require more than one): estimated cost $7.50, Disposable Face Mask (may require more than one): estimated cost $1.
LEARNING HOURS 126 (36L;18Lb;18T;54P).

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 112 and (MATH 120 or MATH 121 or [MATH 123 and MATH 124]).  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 222  Methods of Structure Determination  Units: 3.00  

A survey of practical spectroscopic and spectrometric methods for the determinations of the structures of organic and inorganic compounds. Methods will include nuclear magnetic resonance, electronic, infrared/Raman spectroscopy, and mass spectrometry. Tutorials will involve solving compound structures using spectroscopic data, and include an introduction to computational methods in spectroscopy.
LEARNING HOURS 126 (36L;18T;72P).

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 112.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 223  Organic Reactions  Units: 3.00  

Mechanistically oriented study of organic reactions with emphasis on applications to synthesis. The laboratory affords experience in organic synthesis.
NOTE Lab Coat: estimated cost $27, Goggles: estimated cost $17, Carbon Lab Book: estimated cost $16, Disposable Face Shield (may require more than one): estimated cost $7.50, Disposable Face Mask (may require more than one): estimated cost $1.
LEARNING HOURS 144 (36L;36Lb;9T;63P).

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 211 and CHEM 212. Exclusion CHEM 282; CHEM 285.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 281  General Organic Chemistry I (with Virtual Laboratory)  Units: 3.00  

An introduction to the basic principles of organic chemistry with emphasis on bonding, stereochemistry, reaction intermediates and reaction mechanisms, and structure-reactivity correlations. Intended for students in biological and life sciences. Students in chemistry or biochemistry programs should not enrol in this course.
NOTE Also offered online. Consult Arts and Science Online. Learning Hours may vary.
NOTE Molecular Model Set: estimated cost $25.
LEARNING HOURS 108 (36L;24O;48P).

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 112 or CHEM 114. Exclusion CHEM 212.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 282  General Organic Chemistry II  Units: 3.00  

A continuation from CHEM 281 intended for students in biological sciences, life sciences, and other programs taking no further courses in organic chemistry. Students in chemistry or biochemistry programs should not enrol in this course. Organic molecules and their reactions; relevance to biological systems. Illustrations using biomolecules such as carbohydrates, amino acids and proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids. The laboratory affords experience in elementary organic syntheses.
NOTE Lab Coat: estimated cost $27, Goggles: estimated cost $17, Carbon Lab Book: estimated cost $16, Disposable Face Shield (may require more than one): estimated cost $7.50, Disposable Face Mask (may require more than one): estimated cost $1.
LEARNING HOURS 141 (36L;33Lb;12O;60P).

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 112 and CHEM 281. Exclusion CHEM 223; CHEM 285.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 285  General Organic Chemistry II (with Virtual Laboratory)  Units: 3.00  

A continuation from CHEM 281/3.0 intended for students in biological sciences, and other plans taking no further courses in organic chemistry. Students in chemistry or biochemistry plans should not enrol in this course. Organic molecules and their reactions; relevance to biological systems. Illustrations using biomolecules such as carbohydrates, amino acids and proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids. The virtual laboratory provides knowledge of elementary organic syntheses.
NOTE Offered only online. Consult Arts and Science Online.
NOTE Life Sciences Honours students should not enroll in this course.
LEARNING HOURS 99 (60O;39P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 281. Exclusion CHEM 223; CHEM 282. Note Students in CHEM or BCHM plans or LISC (Hons) should not enroll in this course.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 311  Mechanistic Organic Chemistry  Units: 3.00  

Fundamental mechanistic concepts of organic reactions, structure-activity relationships, solvent effects and catalysis. Mechanistic aspects of substitution, addition, elimination and pericyclic reactions.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;12T;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 223 or CHEM 282.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 312  Transition Metal Chemistry  Units: 3.00  

Introduction to the chemistry, bonding and structures of coordination compounds of the transition metals; transition metals in the solid state and in biological systems; industrial and environmental aspects of transition metal chemistry.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;12T;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 211.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 313  Quantum Mechanics  Units: 3.00  

Elementary principles and applications of wave mechanics with special reference to molecular orbitals and chemical bonding.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;12T;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite (CHEM 211 or CHEM 222) and (MATH 110 or MATH 111 or MATH 112) and (MATH 120 or MATH 121 or [MATH 123 and MATH 124]) and (PHYS 104 or PHYS 106 or PHYS 117). One-Way Exclusion May not be taken with or after PHYS 344. Equivalency CHEM 346.  
Course Equivalencies: CHEM313, CHEM346  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 314  Strategies in Organic Synthesis  Units: 3.00  

One further step in mastering synthetic organic chemistry. Building on knowledge of introductory organic reactivity, essential principles underlying strategies in synthetic organic chemistry will be covered, with an emphasis on regio- and stereo-controls.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;12T;72P).

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 223 or CHEM 282. Corequisite CHEM 311.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 321  Instrumental Chemical Analysis  Units: 3.00  

Overview of instrumental methods of chemical analysis. Topics include gas and liquid chromatography, mass spectrometric detection, new separation methods, electrochemical analysis, inductively coupled plasma-based elemental analysis.
LEARNING HOURS 108 (36L;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 213. Exclusion ENSC 471.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 322  The Chemical Bond: Computation and Spectroscopy  Units: 3.00  

The application of quantum mechanics to the structures and internal motions of molecules. The foundations of electronic, vibrational, rotational and NMR spectroscopy will be discussed together with their applications.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;12T;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 313 or CHEM 346 or PHYS 344.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 323  Biological Chemistry  Units: 3.00  

Introduction to the chemical basis of biological systems and biomolecules, protein structure and synthesis, enzyme catalysis, nucleic acids (DNA, RNA), carbohydrates, membranes, cell signalling, biosynthetic and metabolic pathways.
LEARNING HOURS 108 (36L;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 223 or CHEM 282.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 326  Environmental and Green Chemistry  Units: 3.00  

The first part examines chemical contaminants in the atmosphere, water, soils and sediments, including sources, behaviour, transport, and distribution among these environments. The second part introduces Green Chemistry, examining industrial sources of contaminants and the modification of industrial processes in order to minimize environmental impact.
LEARNING HOURS 108 (33L;3G;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite (CHEM 223 or CHEM 281) and 6.0 units in (CHEM at the 200-level).  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 347  Applied Surface and Colloid Science  Units: 3.00  

The course covers four major topics. 1. The thermodynamic properties of interfaces (surface energy, wetting, surface area and porosity, capillary effects, work of adhesion/cohesion). 2. Models of adsorption/desorption phenomena. 3. The dynamics of phase transitions (meta-stability, nucleation, spinoidal decomposition). 4. The stability and characterization of colloidal systems. Student appreciation for the importance of these phenomena is cultivated using examples drawn from industrial processes/products including inks, paints, foods, polymer blends, and nanocomposites.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;12T;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 221.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 397  Experimental Chemistry  Units: 6.00  

Laboratory course introducing modern experimental methods in chemistry, including synthesis, analytical instrumentation and computational methods. The integration of several methods will be emphasized in the synthesis and characterization of molecules.
NOTE Lab Coat: estimated cost $27, Goggles: estimated cost $17, Carbon Lab Book: estimated cost $16, Flame Gard Mask (may require more than one): estimated cost $15, Disposable Face Shield (may require more than one): estimated cost $7.50, Disposable Face Mask (may require more than one): estimated cost $1.
LEARNING HOURS 300 (144Lb;12T;144P).

Requirements: Prerequisite (CHEM 222 and CHEM 223) and 6.0 units in (CHEM at the 200-level). Corequisite 6.0 units in (CHEM at the 300-level). Exclusion CHEM 398; CHEM 399.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 398  Experimental Chemistry I  Units: 3.00  

Laboratory course. In consultation with the course coordinator, and subject to availability, students may select experiments as are relevant to their degree program including synthesis, analytical instrumentation and computational methods. The integration of several methods will be emphasized in the design and characterization of molecules.
NOTE Lab Coat: estimated cost $27, Goggles: estimated cost $17, Carbon Lab Book: estimated cost $16, Flame Gard Mask (may require more than one): estimated cost $15, Disposable Face Shield (may require more than one): estimated cost $7.50, Disposable Face Mask (may require more than one): estimated cost $1.
LEARNING HOURS 156 (72Lb;12T;72P).

Requirements: Prerequisite (CHEM 222 and CHEM 223) and 3.0 units in (CHEM at the 200-level). Corequisite 3.0 units in (CHEM at the 300-level). Exclusion CHEM 397.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 399  Experimental Chemistry II  Units: 3.00  

Laboratory course. In consultation with the course co-coordinator, and subject to availability, students may select experiments as are relevant to their degree program including synthesis, analytical instrumentation and computational methods. The integration of several methods will be emphasized in the design and characterization of molecules.
NOTE Lab Coat: estimated cost $27, Goggles: estimated cost $17, Carbon Lab Book: estimated cost $16, Flame Gard Mask (may require more than one): estimated cost $15, Disposable Face Shield (may require more than one): estimated cost $7.50, Disposable Face Mask (may require more than one): estimated cost $1.
LEARNING HOURS 156 (72Lb;12T;72P).

Requirements: Prerequisite (CHEM 222 and CHEM 223) and 3.0 units in (CHEM at the 200-level). Corequisite 3.0 units in (CHEM at the 300-level). Exclusion CHEM 397.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 411  Advanced Analytical Chemistry  Units: 3.00  

A discussion of recent advances in analytical chemistry and its applications to the environmental, materials and biomedical fields. At least four topics will be covered from sample preparation, separation methods, multidimensional chromatography, elemental spectroscopy, mass spectroscopy, and surface analysis methods. Additional topics will be selected from the current literature.
LEARNING HOURS 108 (36L;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 213.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 412  Statistical Mechanics  Units: 3.00  

The fundamentals of statistical mechanics with applications to thermodynamic properties of gases, liquids and solids and to chemical equilibrium in dilute gases.
LEARNING HOURS 108 (36L;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite (CHEM 221 and CHEM 313) or (PHYS 345 and PHYS 372). Exclusion PHYS 472.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 413  Computational Chemistry  Units: 3.00  

The application of quantum mechanics to chemical structures, energetics, internal motions of molecules, and chemical reactions. An introduction to the use of modern electronic structure software in chemistry.
LEARNING HOURS 108 (36L;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 313 or CHEM 346 or PHYS 345.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 414  Catalysis  Units: 3.00  

An advanced treatment of the concepts and applications of catalysis, including the kinetics of catalysis and topics selected from the areas of homogeneous, heterogeneous, and biocatalysis.
LEARNING HOURS 108 (36L;72P).

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 312 and CHEM 314.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 415  Electrochemistry and Electrocatalysis  Units: 3.00  

The course covers concepts of equilibrium electrochemistry and examines the structure of the electrode-solution interface. It discusses the basics of electron transfer and derives electrochemical kinetics equations. It shows examples of several electrochemical reactions and overviews experimental methods used to study electrochemical phenomena.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;12O;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 212 and CHEM 221.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 421  Advanced Methods Physical Chemistry  Units: 3.00  

Modern spectroscopic methods for the structural and electronic characterization of molecules will be discussed, including: NMR, X-ray and synchrontron-based spectroscopies, laser spectroscopy, surface spectroscopic methods and scanning probe methods.
LEARNING HOURS 108 (36L;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 313 or PHYS 345. Corequisite CHEM 322.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 422  Synthetic Organic Chemistry  Units: 3.00  

Modern synthetic methods in organic chemistry. Principles of strategy in planning organic syntheses based on simple classifications of reagents and reactions, and on the control of stereochemistry.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (36L;12T;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 311 and CHEM 314.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 423  Topics in Inorganic and Organometallic Chemistry  Units: 3.00  

An examination of aspects of modern inorganic and organometallic chemistry. Topics will include metal-ligand bonding in organometallic complexes, applications of organometallics in organic synthesis, metal-metal bonding in dinuclear and polynuclear metal complexes, and may include reaction mechanisms of transition metal complexes, bioinorganic chemistry, and symmetry.
LEARNING HOURS 108 (36L;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 312.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 424  Polymer Chemistry  Units: 3.00  

Specific properties of polymers (glass transition, crystallinity, polydispersity, etc.) and their dependence on macromolecular structure and isomerism. Polymer synthesis overview: step and chain polymerization (free-radical, ionic and insertion mechanisms) and reactions on polymers. Examples of polymers and their uses.
LEARNING HOURS 108 (36L;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 223.  
Course Equivalencies: CHEM424, CHEM450  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 425  Self Assembly and Materials  Units: 3.00  

Four topics covering a range of self-assembled molecular systems will be discussed: monolayers and bilayers, block co-polymers, nanoparticles, and liquid crystals. Material properties, synthetic methods and application of these systems in current and emerging technologies, including nanotechnologies, will be covered.
LEARNING HOURS 108 (36L;72P)

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 221 and CHEM 223.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 497  Research Project  Units: 6.00  

A full-year research project on a topic in chemistry, supervised by a member of staff. Normally limited to students in the final year of a major or subject of specialization concentration in Chemistry. May be taken in the Summer Term with permission. Additional restrictions may apply.
NOTE Lab Coat: estimated cost $27, Goggles: estimated cost $17.
LEARNING HOURS 240 (216Lb;24P).

Requirements: Prerequisite CHEM 397. Exclusion CHEM 498; CHEM 499.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 498  Research Project I  Units: 3.00  

A Fall Term research project on a topic in chemistry, supervised by a member of staff. Normally limited to students in the final year of a major or subject of specialization concentration in Chemistry; where appropriate, students in a  Chemistry Medial program may take the course with permission of the Department. Additional restrictions may apply.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (108Lb;12P)

Requirements: Prerequisite Review the information included in the course description and/or contact the Chemistry Department. Exclusion CHEM 497.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 499  Research Project II  Units: 3.00  

A Winter Term research project on a topic in chemistry, supervised by a member of staff. Normally limited to students in the final year of a major or subject of specialization concentration in Chemistry; where appropriate, students in a Chemistry Medial program may take the course with permission of the Department. Additional restrictions may apply.
LEARNING HOURS 120 (108Lb;12P)

Requirements: Prerequisite Review the information included in the course description and/or contact the Chemistry Department. Exclusion CHEM 497.  
Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 594  Independent Study  Units: 3.00  

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 595  Independent Study  Units: 6.00  

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science  
CHEM 598  Independent Study  Units: 9.00  

Offering Faculty: Faculty of Arts and Science